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http://www.yiyingyu.com - 发布时间:2011-02-10 - 所在栏目: 雅思


  1. 主题性


  剑四test 2的reading passage 1"lost for words"极好的回答了雅思一道较难的文化类考题:what are the reasons for the loss of many cultures and languages? how to solve this problem?"


  1 "what makes a language endangered is not just the number of speakers, but how old they are. if it is spoken by children, it is relatively safe。"

  2 "…people reject the language of their parents… it begins with a crisis of confidence, when a small community finds itself alongside a larger, wealthier society…"

  3 "quite often, governments try to kill off a minority language by banning its use in public or discouraging its use in schools, all to promote national unity。"

  4 "… they cannot refuse to speak english if most commercial activity is in english…"

  这些都是十分准确而又全面的回答,说明了许多语言丧失的原因,甚至连语言丧失对于文化的连带影响也有所涉及:"language is also intimately bound with culture, so it may be difficult to preserve one without the other。"


  " …a growing interest in cultural identity may prevent the direst prediction from coming true….'apprentice' programs have provided life support t several indigenous languages。"



  2010年雅思写作task i图画题频现,许多学生不太熟悉流程图,对于如何描述其过程极为担心。其实分析发现,这样的句式在说明型的阅读文章中屡见不鲜,这类阅读文章常常涉及某个事物的发展过程或者制作方式,其遣词造句都是可以进行学习和利用。

  剑五test 2 reading passage 1是一篇关于对现代塑料的说明文章,其中有一段就是对塑料制作过程的描述,很多句式都可以"拿来我用"。

  首先是对这一流程的总体概括"the original patent outlined a three-stage process, in which phenol and formaldehyde were initially combined under vacuum inside a large egg-shaped kettle。" 我们可以根据这个句式来描写2009年9月一道关于玻璃瓶子回收过程的题目,如:

  a three-stage process is outlined, in which the used bottles are collected and re-produced in the plant. "

  接着,制作过程中的细节按照先后顺序铺开,并结合被动语态与准确的动词选择:"the resin was allowed to cool in shallow trays until it hardened, and then broken up and ground into powder. other substances were then introduced, including…. . in the last stage, the heated bakelite was poured into a hollow mould of the required shape …",其中的"cool, break, grind, pour"等动词都是在工作流程中的高频词汇。"then, in the last stage"也可以作为极好的连接过渡词。

  剑五test 4 reading passage 2关于强化玻璃的说明文中也有类似的描述句式:"… used to make glass, and nickel can also be introduced by fragments of nickel alloys falling into the molten glass. as the glass is heated, these atoms react to form …"其中的"be used to, introduce, melt, heat"也都可以用在描述中。



  剑四 test 2 reading passage 2中的一段"according to…, 18% of patients…; 12% suffer from…, which is only 1% more than those…. . those suffering from… represents 7% of their patients, and candida sufferers represent an equal percentage. … represent 6% and 5% respectively, and a further 4% see… "



  尽管没有与雅思写作辩论文章完全对应的形式,阅读文章中也有很多可以效仿的观点表述句式,与学生动辄"some people think…"的单调表述相比,其表达生动多样。在此进行了一些总结:

  如"… reject this, pointing out that… ", "when it comes to…,…", "… believe the main reason for… is…", "there is a widespread belief that…", "it was once assumed that…. . however,…", "there is an abundance of evidence to support the belief that…" , "the answer to… depends on…",等。


  5. 用词


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