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【实用商务英语】图表词汇知多少?

http://www.yiyingyu.com - 发布时间:2010-12-03 - 所在栏目: 职场英语
1.各种图表的名称(types of chart)

饼状图(pie chart): 饼状图内部分成一块一块,用于表示所占分量,那一块一块就叫"segment



scale='noscale' bgcolor='#ffffff' width='16' height='16' flashvars='w=segment'
id='hjw_9807546.127741538' name='hjw_9807546.127741538' align='middle'
allowscriptaccess='always' type='application/x-shockwave-flash'
pluginspage='http://www.macromedia.com/go/getflashplayer'/>
".

线形图(line graph): 横轴叫axis



scale='noscale' bgcolor='#ffffff' width='16' height='16' flashvars='w=axis'
id='hjw_6100575.900996649' name='hjw_6100575.900996649' align='middle'
allowscriptaccess='always' type='application/x-shockwave-flash'
pluginspage='http://www.macromedia.com/go/getflashplayer'/>
,枢轴叫vertical



scale='noscale' bgcolor='#ffffff' width='16' height='16' flashvars='w=vertical'
id='hjw_7183090.753536932' name='hjw_7183090.753536932' align='middle'
allowscriptaccess='always' type='application/x-shockwave-flash'
pluginspage='http://www.macromedia.com/go/getflashplayer'/>
,实线是solid line,虚线是broken line

柱状图(bar chart): 每一个矩形就叫一个bar

表(table): 表的“行”是“row”,“列”是“column”

流程图(flow chart)

组织结构图(organigram



scale='noscale' bgcolor='#ffffff' width='16' height='16'
flashvars='w=organigram' id='hjw_5877333.134353524' name='hjw_5877333.134353524'
align='middle' allowscriptaccess='always' type='application/x-shockwave-flash'
pluginspage='http://www.macromedia.com/go/getflashplayer'/>
)

 

2.描述变化时(describing change)

(1)向上的趋势(upward movement):

to increase/rise/go up

to grow/expand

to rocket/boom/soar



scale='noscale' bgcolor='#ffffff' width='16' height='16' flashvars='w=soar'
id='hjw_3017291.3347405917' name='hjw_3017291.3347405917' align='middle'
allowscriptaccess='always' type='application/x-shockwave-flash'
pluginspage='http://www.macromedia.com/go/getflashplayer'/>

e.g. we increased sales.

we expanded our workforce.

we raised our prices.(注意:raise是及物动词)

 

(2)向下的趋势(downward movement)

to decrease/fall/drop/decline/go down

to slump



scale='noscale' bgcolor='#ffffff' width='16' height='16' flashvars='w=slump'
id='hjw_8183805.1654484235' name='hjw_8183805.1654484235' align='middle'
allowscriptaccess='always' type='application/x-shockwave-flash'
pluginspage='http://www.macromedia.com/go/getflashplayer'/>
/collapse



scale='noscale' bgcolor='#ffffff' width='16' height='16' flashvars='w=collapse'
id='hjw_4904162.388742303' name='hjw_4904162.388742303' align='middle'
allowscriptaccess='always' type='application/x-shockwave-flash'
pluginspage='http://www.macromedia.com/go/getflashplayer'/>
/plummet



scale='noscale' bgcolor='#ffffff' width='16' height='16' flashvars='w=plummet'
id='hjw_5910268.868704758' name='hjw_5910268.868704758' align='middle'
allowscriptaccess='always' type='application/x-shockwave-flash'
pluginspage='http://www.macromedia.com/go/getflashplayer'/>
/crash

注意:decrease和drop是及物动词

 

(3)不再变动(an end to movement)

to flatten out



scale='noscale' bgcolor='#ffffff' width='16' height='16'
flashvars='w=flatten#out' id='hjw_3247414.230061764'
name='hjw_3247414.230061764' align='middle' allowscriptaccess='always'
type='application/x-shockwave-flash'
pluginspage='http://www.macromedia.com/go/getflashplayer'/>
/ level off

 

(4)无变化(no change)

to remain constant/stable

to stay the same/ at the same level

to maintain/hold/keep

e.g. we need to hold our costs down.

我们需要保持低成本

 

3.变化的程度(degree of change)

dramatically/considerably/significantly/moderately/slightly

e.g. sales have fallen considerably.

销售大幅度下降

profits rose slightly.

利润缓慢上升

 

4.变化速度(speed of change)

rapidly/quickly/suddenly/gradually/steadily/slowly

e.g. sales went up rapidly.

销售迅速增长

 

有了以上词汇,在描述一幅图表的时候就有了更多的选择啦!

希望能够在考试或者presentation的时候帮到大家!

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