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灵活多样 看2011雅思口语我怎么“成功”

http://www.yiyingyu.com - 发布时间:2011-01-28 - 所在栏目: 雅思

      成功,是口语卡片题四类(人物、地点、物品、事件)常考题型中的事件题,又被称作经历题。该题的难点在于较为抽象,难以选材。上海朗阁雅思口语教研组专家建议考生,如果能将“成功”具体化,其难度则大大降低。考生往往把成功二字想得过于高大显赫,总结自己似乎一直经历平平,并没有明显起伏,于是败下阵来,举足无措。殊不知,其实成功的理解可以有多方面,对于该话题的回答也可以灵活多样。


      一、话题准备


      朗阁海外考试研究中心分析认为,成功可包括两种:1、他人公认的成功,如学业或工作方面的成就。2、自己认为的成功,这个就灵活了,可以是个人任何一个计划、目标或愿望的实现。


      u先看前一种,我们将其细化,可以是由于德、智、体、美、劳任意一方面的突出表现,获得了相应的奖励。以智、体、美为例,可以选择的话题如下:


      智:


      某次考试拿了第一,夺得荣誉(如果你是尖子生);


      某次考试进步飞跃,获得表扬(如果你是普通生);


      某场大型比赛取得成果(演讲,作文,数理化竞赛等);


      体:


      某次校级(甚至市级、省级)运动会夺得名次;


      某场篮球/足球/乒乓球/羽毛球/网球/游泳等比赛(可以是非正式的,小集体内部的)取得名次;


      某节体育课测验(长短跑、球类、体操类)进步明显;


      美:


      某次校级(市级、省级)才艺大赛夺得名次(个人成功);


      某次组织班集体参加的比赛获得名次(集体成功);


      以上都是针对学生时代的话题,当然也可以稍作修改,变成工作中的成功案例。智方面就是工作表现,一次获得晋升的经历,或是自己的成功创业故事,体和美可以是公司组织的体育或才艺竞赛活动。


      u再看后一种,可以把a success(一次成功)看作是successfully did sth(成功地做成了某事),那么难题便迎刃而解。如果思路够宽,还有意外的收获,准备成功的话题可以为其他话题储备素材,可谓一石二鸟。朗阁海外考试研究中心给出的建议如下:


      成功戒烟/戒酒/戒游戏/减肥/克服羞涩(近似于a change in life)


      成功指导或帮助别人戒烟/戒酒/戒游戏/减肥/克服羞涩(素材可用于人物题的故事插入)


      成功地维权(素材可用于物品题,something you bought but you were not happy with,讲买的东西有质量问题,不满意,要求索赔,最终成功)


      成功地脱险(近似于an unforgettable event)


      成功地网上交友(素材可用于科技类话题)


      成功地与病魔抗争(素材可用于a change in life, a happy moment, a piece of good news)


      二、真题示范


      例1:


      describe a success in your life.


      you should say:


      what was it


      when did you get this success


      how to get it


      and explain with whom/what did you do in this success


      分析:该题要求描述过去的一次成功经历,以上所述话题准备的内容均适用,注意时态的正确选用,讲清楚成功的来龙去脉即可。


      sample response:


      well, what has been the big success that makes me proud of in my life? it definitely goes to my weight loss story.


      i grew up as an overweight kid. i was always tired and had very little energy to do anything. i was depressed and became a person with low self-esteem. as i got older, i knew i had to make some changes.


      so i made a weight loss plan when i was in junior high school, adhering to it and couldn’t be happier when i found it worked after two years’ trying. the plan was actually quite simple, eat less and exercise more. i went on a very strict nutritional regimen. i cut out all empty calories from my diet (fast food, sweets, soda, etc.) and really focused on only eating clean nutrient dense foods. on top of that, i went jogging every morning, be it chilly winter or hot summer.


      the changes were incredible; i lost ten kilograms within two years. what’s most important is, i am healthier than ever before. i feel much more athletic now. i have an overall sense of well being that i never experienced when i was heavier. i have so much more energy and i sleep better also.


      i feel especially flatted when others can hardly believe i was a much bigger girl. it was really a success.

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